Eastern Ontario Agriculture Industry
The size of the province of Ontario is staggering. Ontario is larger than France and Spain combined. The province stretches 1,609 kilometers from the badlands of the Hudson Bay coast in the north to densely populated cities in the south. Most of Ontario lies in the Canadian Shield region. The bulk of the population is concentrated in the southern part of the province. The shield extends almost to Ottawa. Logging and transportation of timber were once developed here. Now Ottawa has become the country's capital in the full sense of the word: there are many museums and other attractions.
Ontario is a national reserve, uninhabited wild northern territories, 500 thousand lakes and numerous rivers with 55 thousand km. The visiting card of Ontario is Niagara Falls, which annually receives about 12 million tourists.
Ontario's economy is a leading force in Canada and is characterized by diversity and industrial and agricultural production and services. Ontario is 52% of the nationwide industrial production; in terms of GDP, Ontario is almost twice that of Quebec, the second-largest in the state.
The production of vehicles, paper, chemicals, and steel is developed. The city of Hamilton is called the steel capital of Canada.
Minerals: Sudbury County provides 2/3 of Canada-wide nickel and 1/3 copper. Also, there is significant mining of zinc, silver, platinum, iron, uranium, and 1/4 of the total Canadian gold in the province. Extraction of stone, marble, granite and salt is also carried out. Under the bottom of Lake Erie, the discovery of oil and gas deposits.
The province's largest trading partner is the US state of Michigan. In the sectoral distribution of exports – 40.4% are automotive parts and accessories, 10.8% – cars and mechanical devices, 5.6% – electrical equipment, 4.1% – plastics. Imports – automotive parts and accessories – 22.3%, cars and mechanical devices – 17.7%, electrical equipment – 10.8%, plastics – 4.2%, scientific, professional and photographic equipment – 3.6%.
One of Canada's most visited regions, Eastern Ontario, is known for its history and natural beauty. Numerous lakes and rivers, without which it is impossible to imagine Ontario's relief, once served as trade routes through these wildlands for locals and explorers. Now their beauty is appreciated by tourists. There are amazing opportunities for boating, fishing, hiking and skiing. The source of the St. Lawrence River, one of the world's most extensive waterways, lies in this region, namely Kingston's small historic town. North of Lake Ontario lies the Canadian Shield. A favorite and highly visited place in the region is Algonquin Provincial Park, one of the country's most famous wildlife parks. The region of the Cavorth lakes is also very picturesque. Canada's capital rises majestically over the Ottawa River, a treasure trove of national history and architecture.
There are mostly fields with small patches of forests and swamps in the very east of Eastern Ontario. Some lowland areas are prone to flooding, especially along the banks of the South Nation River.
The Laurentian Upland, which is part of the Canadian Shield, cuts the area from the headwaters of the Ottawa River to the St. Lawrence River. Some peaks reach a height of 400 meters above the level of the Ottawa River. There are also a huge number of lakes here. On the border with the state of New York is the picturesque Thousand Islands Archipelago.
Ottawa is located at the confluence of the Rideau and Ottawa rivers. There are many rapids and waterfalls on the rivers. The main rock here is limestone, which, in particular, was used in the construction of the Rideau Canal, which connects Kingston and Ottawa by water.
Canada has developed agriculture, being the world's second-largest exporter of food. It is characterized by a high level of marketability, mechanization, and specialization of production.
Agriculture in Canada meets the needs of the population for food and plays an important role in the country's foreign trade, giving 11% of the value of all exports. A special place is occupied by the export of grains, especially wheat, in terms of the export of Canada in second place in the world after the United States.
In eastern Canada, most agricultural products are grown in the plains of the Great Lakes and the St. Lawrence River valley. The hot summers of eastern Ontario and Quebec and the long growing seasons in this area allow the cultivation of a wide variety of foods such as lettuce, cucumber, corn, apples, strawberries and tobacco. Quebec is Canada's largest dairy producer with the second-largest cattle population in the country. The Francophone province is also the largest producer of dairy products. The second dairy producer, eastern Ontario, has the third-largest cattle population. In the Atlantic provinces, the main cultivated plant is the potato.
Farmers in Eastern Ontario are increasingly turning to organic and regenerative agriculture.
As traditional farming costs continue to rise, an increasing number of farmers in Eastern Ontario are converting their traditional family farms to organic and regenerative agriculture.
Regenerative agriculture is designed to reduce the supply of synthetic fertilizers and pesticides, increase soil organic matter, increase biodiversity and restore ecosystems.